About Us

The purpose of this site is to inform Ohio and United States citizens of Constitutional abuses by our elected officials and politicians. We will be silent no longer. We will hold these elected officials accountable for trampling Our Constitutional Rights !

Our blogs do not support or advocate for any political party or point of view.  Both Republicans and Democrats are responsible for enacting these unconstitutional laws.  We expose the corruption of members of all political parties.  This fight is not liberal or conservative.  Our blogs are not conservative or liberal.  We are Constitutionalist !  This fight is about preserving our Constitutional rights !

The Adam Walsh Act (implemented in Ohio as Ohio Senate Bill 10) was furiously and irresponsibly enacted on January 1, 2008, making Ohio the first state in the nation to implement these laws . Because the Ohio Legislature passed this law in a reactionary manner for politically correctness and to gain federal funding, they failed to responsibly review the legislation or study the impact, objections, nor constitutionality of the law. As a result, there are Constitutional challenges and court filings proceeding all over the state of Ohio which are challenging this legislation.

The law imposes retro-active restrictions and requirements on offenders who were either convicted of or pleaded guilty to any sexually related offense. Many of these offenders have satisfied all conditions, consequences and requirements of their offense, which may have occurred up to 10 years ago or more. Imposing new retro-active punishment on them constitutes a violation of the Ohio and United States Constitution with regard to its Double Jeopardy provision.

Yet this law imposes, among other things, a life-long registration requirement on them, meaning they are legally required to register with the local sheriff offices four times every year until they die to register every detail of their living conditions and location. Many of these people have fulfilled all previous registration requirements for a period up to 10 years already. This retro-active punishment is a violation of State and US Constitutional Rights, relating to Ex Post Facto provisions.

Beyond this, these offenders will now be re-classified in accordance with federal guidelines with no individual review by a court or judge, based solely on the offense which they committed. Universal re-classification of sex offenders into federal mandated tiers without the individual review before a court of law and judge is a violation of the Separation of Powers provision of the Ohio and United States Constitutions.

This law violates the ex post facto, double jeopardy, and separation of powers provisions
of the Ohio Constitution and the United States Constitution. And it constitutes breach of contract of original plea of the offenders. As the conditions of punishment are now changed years after the plea agreement was made.

To view the video of the Ohio Legislature voting on this law, see  our ConstitutionalFights Video Channel

Please sign the petition to revoke these abusive and illegal Adam Walsh Act laws:

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  1. thao.huynhle
    March 24, 2009 at 12:34 pm

    I love your site. Keep it up !

  2. joseph
    March 29, 2009 at 2:14 pm

    Please post info on the sex offender bans in Connecticut. Ridgefield, Greenwich, Danbury.

  3. joseph
    April 3, 2009 at 3:03 pm

    Thank you for publishing some of the new CT laws for 10/1/09. I am personally trying to do my part to expose unconstitutional efforts of the CT politicians in regards to the new SO laws in Hartford with the help of Andrew Schnieder of CT ACLU.
    One of the most disturbing parts of the legislation (Governor’s Bill No. 6384) is that they are repealing the previous SO laws 54-250 to 54-258a with a “new” section. One example is Sect. 54-260b which requires giving law enforcement IP information which enables them to monitor ALL internet activity. This is in addition to previous requirements of providing emails and IMs. Have the politicians forgotten about the 1st Amendmendment and the recent ruling in Utah and Maryland upholding anonynimity.
    Also, I’m getting ready to campaign against the SO ban from parks, schools etc. in Greenwich, CT. From the ordinance:
    “The CT Legislature has determined that persons convicted or found guilty…(CGA 54-250(6)) of certain criminal offenses against minors and sexually violent offenses, present a continuing danger to the health and safety of the public, sufficient to require that such persons register…
    The legislator determined this, however, I finished my sentence, 2 years of sex offender “treatment” and have been evaluated by specialists that I “pose no risk to the community” and deemed a low-risk to recividate. My approach is due process, right to assemble 1st Amend., preemptive of CT State Law, but most importantly ex post facto since this “ban” is exactly the same punishment restriction I was subject to when I was serving my sentence. I had to “not be in the presense of minors” or “…go where minors frequent.” As you can imagine, this was severely overbroard and punitive but I fulfilled my punishment. Now years later, the politicians in the Town of Greenwich would like to reintroduce me to my punishment I had already served justifying it by my “continuing danger” eventhough I have been assessed to the contrary (Due Process). I may not initially win but either did our forefathers, but, truth will set us also free.

  4. April 3, 2009 at 3:20 pm

    When are they (politicians) who are making political hay out of SO’s
    going to tier the offenses. They have everyone lumped together as
    predators and molesters. There were two videos of juveniles on my PC,
    I never saw the videos and dont know who they were from but they were
    forwarded once. But, politicians say i am a sex offender. I am no more
    a sex offender than they are. I have never inappropriately touched a
    child. How do I contact the ACLU. I have tried to email them but no answer.
    They can find me, though, when they want money?? Thanks..Ashley

    • Shirley L
      September 12, 2010 at 4:53 pm

      My son is in this category. He viewed images on computer but never touched or threatened or thought of touching anyone. Yet he is incarcerated for 5 years (minimum be Walsh Act). I would like to keep in touch with you and find out what is happening Thank you.
      Shirley L.

      • September 12, 2010 at 7:44 pm

        With me, it was either plea bargain or spend 4 years in prison (threat) was promised unsupervised probation, didn’t happen! 2 yrs inntense probation, 10 yrs on SO list! You may email me if you wish.
        Thanks for your interest…Ashley

  5. tom taylor
    April 19, 2009 at 2:30 pm

    Thank you for your efforts and your time. we all have to unite together to make this go away. which we can. our lobby is growing by the day. I have talked to many people who want to begin civil disobidence. If 700k people simply refused to comply then they would be helpless to enforce the law. With the economy the way it is theres no way they could enforce it. its what has to happen

  6. dcoyote
    April 26, 2009 at 3:13 pm

    I am grateful to have found this site and to know there are people out there willing to take a stand against the hysteria America has indulged in regarding the ‘sex offender’ issue. Most people think a sex offender is a child rapist, not an ex-boyfriend who harassed his girlfriend by phone, or a child who had sex with another child, without understanding the consequences, which are exceedingly dire and brutal in this sexually immature and backward country.
    Mr. Walsh has succeeded in destroying the lives of other people’s children by making their lives and their family’s lives hell for many years. He suffered a terrible experience but now will punish thousands of people in his self-righteous search for revenge.
    Even those true child molesters who everyone would condemn are stripped of their constitutional rights by all this hysteria.
    How many of us can honestly say we waited until we were 18? and how many of us could then label our teenage boyfriends as sex offenders? It is an astonishing waste of law enforcement dollars and makes this country look like a police state.
    It is a frightening time for America.

  7. Sieandme
    May 24, 2009 at 9:07 am

    From The Miller Decision:

    The Does have not developed any argument that the right to “live where you want” is “deeply rooted in this Nation’s history and tradition,” or “implicit in the concept of ordered liberty,” such that “neither liberty nor justice would exist if [it] were sacrificed.”

    History and Tradition: It is well established that the authority of a state to pass laws in the excise of police power, having for their object being the promotion of the public health, safety and welfare. One such act of legislation was segregation. The rational basis for enacting segregation (residency restrictions,) where African Americans were denied the right to live within specific geographical areas, was to promote peace by preventing racial conflicts, to maintain racial purity and to prevent the deterioration of property owned and occupied by whites.

    The Civil Rights Act of 1865 and 1964 guranteed the same rights to African Americans and other minorites enjoyed by whites and those were: The Right to Come and go at Pleasure, to purchase and lease real and personal property. To vote and must importantly to reside in any geograpical area of the United States of America.

    So what this court has done, in order to uphold unconstitutional Ex Post Facto legislation, was to sacrifice one of the greatest fundamentals of our civil liberty and this is the right to move at pleasure from one geograpical area of the United States of America to another without restriction.

    Although I believe that residency restrictions my be an appropriate punishment for a crime in certain ajudicated cases, it can not be applied retroactively through Ex post Facto legislation.

  8. Elizabeth
    June 13, 2009 at 3:13 pm

    What happened to “America – Land of the FREE”?

  9. javier
    July 6, 2009 at 4:09 pm

    Sorry because i gave a false name and email,but is because as a sex offender,the system acccomplished with the breaking of my soul,and i live in the shadow of fears,that for any tiny thing,they would persecute me.Just 1 month ago,they came to my house,i mean the cops,and interrogate me about,that i was going through ,to forbidden web pages.even that i am not a internet offender.I was in shock because,i just use internet for bible studies,and for news.They brought a false paper where according to them,my name was in a social web page.That was a lie,maybe before i was locked up,i was in one of those,but it was rare,because i never and nobody use their own names.But they make me sign a paper that i was doing that,if not i would be in jail again,if i not sign.At the end,i was tired of continuous insults from them,and the suffering of my family that they where there.Also,because the rooms of them where searched ,it make me let them make me sign.It was a big trauma for my family,because,living with a sex offender,they also lose thei rights,imagine that for me,the rooms of my family members where searched.What a shame.In my mind comes something up,because i was born in other country,out of usa.In my country,a suspicious person,could be interogate for no more than 24 hours,and with the help of a lawyer,and the cops in my country must have a court authorization.I was interrogated before my jail time,in prision the therapist interrogate me all the prision years,and i have to say what they want to hear,after my jail time they put me in therapy again,and i have to keep talking about my crime,and they keep pressing me to say more and more things.Is it be legal to interrogate a person so many years,for a crime????Every week is the suffering,the mental torture,to go before a therapist,that would go to my parole officer and gossip about me.Last meeting i say,i had 4 years telling my therapist that i did not do that,and i have to do that again with you,???after that then the parole officer will put you in a lie detector,or making you to go more times to him,,im going every 15 days before my parole officer.It was my first crime in all my live,but for them all sex offender are garbage.

    • July 6, 2009 at 6:28 pm

      Thank you for sharing your story. It is another of many examples of harassment by law enforcement. Feel free to contact us if we can be of any assistance. I assume you are still under parole/probation since you were subjected to searches, but otherwise, you do have rights.

  10. SARAH
    July 16, 2009 at 7:28 pm



    • July 18, 2009 at 2:33 pm

      There are many things you can do to help in this fight; and they range from legal action down to working online to help educate others. Throughout this blog we discuss ways anyone can help battle these unconstitutional laws. In many instances we give contact information to legislators throughout the country who are passing laws like these. We also urge all readers to post comments on news and blog webpages to refute the many postings out there which are either false, misleading or outrageous. Be sure to cite sources of data/fact/information like ours and stay away from emotional arguments, but rather state factual information. I encourage all readers to contact their legislators ( federal and state and local) to express opposition to these continued branding laws. Others seek to collect petitions door-to-door to present to legislators. Legally , every family of any ex- sex offender should be contesting these re-classification and life-long registration laws in the courts. Some state representatives will have local contacts who will actually speak to you (since the legislators never will) and some legislators have hours or days when they are in the local areas where you can meet and talk with them. Some people are printing out business cards or flyers to distribute in their local communities which bring this issue to more eyes (we have flyer samples posted on our yahoo group). Remember that most people are very ignorant about these laws and about what a sex offender is. Even the media does not know the difference between a sex predator and a sex offender. So it is important simply to educate others and bring the issue to the forefront. Most citizens do not even know that this law exists. So there are so many ways to get involved and many which I have not yet thought of. So yes! Join the fight. The more citizens who are willing to join this fight, the greater our chances of prevailing. But if most of us sit on the sidelines, we will lose. Remember there are some 600,000 sex offenders in this country and that number is growing fast. Add the family members of those people and our numbers are very large, indeed. We can make a difference to change these abhorrent laws, but only if we fight in large numbers.

      • Gloria
        September 20, 2009 at 2:03 pm

        I am also the mother of a RSO. His life was taken away by a young girl that had consensual sex with him and then decided to report it. He did not force or rape her. She even admitted in court that it was consensual. My son was sentenced to 3 years and now has to register as a sex offender. He has never and WOULD never abuse a child, yet he lives in Hell every day. The law enforcement continually harass him, for now reason. All he wants to do is work and have a life. This one mistake when he was 21 will be with him for the rest of his life. The girl gets off scot free and can live her life any way she wants. Where is the justice? Every place my son tries to live, the law enforcement says he can’t live there. Every job he has tried to work, the law enforcement says he can’t work there. But he is expected to have a permanent address and register every year. And he is expected to pay monthly to a probation officer. If he doesn’t comply with this, he is arrested. How can he have a permanent address if they won’t let him live anywhere? How can he pay if they cause him to lose jobs? He had CONSENSUAL sex. He is NOT a sex offender. He served his time. If this is the case, why didn’t they just give him a life sentence to begin with? Oh wait…….. they did!!! Only difference – they expect him to pay the rest of his life for a ONE mistake he made when he was 21. He is only 28 now. Murderers get off easier. Why don’t they have to register? I am fighting for my son’s life. He is not a bad person and doesn’t deserve this.

  11. Bill Bartmann
    September 2, 2009 at 3:03 am

    Excellent site, keep up the good work

  12. Bill Bartmann
    September 17, 2009 at 10:29 pm

    This blog rocks! I gotta say, that I read a lot of blogs on a daily basis and for the most part, people lack substance but, I just wanted to make a quick comment to say I’m glad I found your blog. Thanks,

    A definite great read…:)

  13. September 29, 2009 at 6:45 am

    I am from -or in the SORRY STATE OF texas. I am looking for local (Dallas) or State groups like this that are wanting to help RSO in the state of texas. This state is so “Backwards” that it thinks it can run different from the rest of the USA. ARE THERE GROUPS LIKE THIS IN TEXAS THAT UNDERSTAND THE LAWS HERE.

    • September 29, 2009 at 1:02 pm

      We get this question often: “who can help me in my state?”. Anyone searching for organizations in their states which work against these laws are urged to visit http://www.reformsexoffenderlaws.org/groups/index.php to find their state affiliate group. There are also many links posted on our blogs at https://constitutionalfights.wordpress.com/site-links/ . These people are normal folks just like you and me – they volunteer their time because they care. Some are ex-offenders, some are family or friends of ex-offenders, and some are professionals in related fields. So please understand that they are not paid staff and most are not legal professionals. Some state groups are more active than others, but most are familiar with the laws in that state in order to provide information about the laws and status of laws. We all must join in this fight together in order to prevail. These state organizers are doing their part. Let us all find a way we can apply our strengths to battle together. Only when we do this can we hope to prevail.

  14. October 5, 2009 at 11:31 pm

    Thank you for all your undying work.

    Countless thousands of lives of men, women and children are being harmed by these poorly written, eagerly implemented and harshly carried out laws.

    Protect children, protect women and by all means deal swiftly and justly with those who would harm anyone sexually. However, do not brand and banish to a lifetime of humiliation men, women and children just to line your pockets and further your careers you politicians and lawmakers.

    Many voices, all the voices of those crying out in the night across this nation need to be heard.
    Your voice, you who are reading this needs to be heard.

    Get involved, email a website owner, comment on articles, get plugged into those who are and have been working to change these laws.

    Your voice can make a difference!


  15. Jeff G
    October 21, 2009 at 1:07 am

    I am an RSO who is is currently battling the Adam Walsh Act in regard to petitioning for my wife’s citizenship. Because I am an RSO, non-violent and no victim crime, I am required to prove I am not a danger to my wife. We Have been together several years and married for more than a year now. It seems I should have the right every other american has to petition for the citizenship of a spouse. PLease post more on the Adam Walsh Act and how it relates to immigration. Thanks for the great info and resources.

    • Ashley
      October 23, 2009 at 11:25 am

      The Adam Walsh Act is another political ploy. The politicians could not jump on it fast enough to curry favor with their constituents. I served two years under intensive probation (was promised unsupervised probation). I have never inappropriately touched a child nor had the desire to do so. Went through a year of
      sex offenders specific protocol at a cost of $55.00 each session which consisted of
      telling jokes for about 30 minutes and talking about sex for about 30 minutes. The cost of probatin was $30.00 per month. This whole thing is nothing but a money grabber for some people. Now the law here in North Carolina says a person cannot go
      to church if children are on the premises. When my situation first happened, my wife and I went to talk to our Pastor at First Baptist Church and told him the whole story.
      He told us to just keep quiet about the thing. A short while later I get a phone call from him and he tells me that I can no longer be an usher in his church. We have been members there for 19 years. My Pastor was the first person who harrassed me. Now I am harrassed every three months by a person from the sheriffs department and have to go to the county seat twice a year to register. Where am I going? My wife and I build our house here over twenty years ago. This whole business stinks. Those of us who have paid the price are virtually prisoners in our own home. We have finished our time and will be on probatin forevermore. Thanks for listening. Where did our first ammendment rights go to??
      Ashley R

      Ashley R

  16. Bob
    November 1, 2009 at 1:17 pm

    I am a 60 year old man. My story could fill a very long and ultimately very sad book. Fortunately I was able to earn a good living and enjoy a normal life with friends, professional associates and children for nearly 53 years before, Jessica’s Law, Megan’s Law, the Adam Walsh Law, State law, local interpretations, police confusion and ESPECIALLY media hysteria and the internet destroyed it all. In some respects I am a lucky man, at least relative to the younger generation, because my life did not collapse back in 1984. I do not see how a younger person burdened with the current stigmatization and restrictions has much of chance.

    Admittedly, the “system” has ground me down over the years and I am a shadow of what I once was. The effect on all who come after me will be even more dire if current trends persist. It seems that each year there is another law which permits some new form of legal coercion or some technological advance that invades our privacies, further eroding our ability to participate in society. Private failures become personal and family nightmares and public spectacles. The paparazzi-style media coverage feeds the public’s salacious desire for entertainment while politicians pander to the misinformed.

    The citizens of the United States are being lied to and misled while hundreds of thousands of innocent people are being irreparably harmed. The local, State and Federal governments, goaded on by the media have simply and unilaterally established restrictions that are nothing less than blanket, permanent restraining orders with no showing of cause. Generally the burden of proof lies with the party seeking the injunction and yet the government provides only generalizations based on misleading statistics and reacts thoughtlessly to the public’s demand for action. Unfortunately, human nature is not so easily contained and the non registrant is as likely to commit the next crime as the registered sex offender. There is a first time for everything. Generally a restraining order requires some imminent danger or threat and a permanent injunction (such as the residency restrictions) require a preponderance of evidence. The government could not meet that burden in thousands upon thousands of individual cases.

    Once a person has been convicted of a sex crime the presumption of innocence forever more seems to shift to a presumption of guilt. It extends far beyond the original circumstances and far beyond sex. This is one of the major points that proponents of internet disclosure and residency restrictions fail to acknowledge. There is a “we know what you are thinking” mentality in all of these restrictive laws that can not be ignored and it extends beyond the fear of sexual contact to a general mistrust What other subset of American society would stand for such negative profiling, such blatant discrimination?

  17. David
    January 19, 2010 at 4:18 pm

    I attended my local YMCA for about a month. I went in on 1/14/2010 and was told to speak with the director. I was informed by the executive director that I could not be a member. This was due to being on the local sex offender registry. I was told that since the Y was a private org. that they made their own rules. The director informed me that all their monies came from pvt sources. The interesting thing is this. Just a few days prior to my incident, there was a similar one in Kettering Ohio. This involved the Kettering rec center, to view a news clip go to whio tv of dayton ohio. The person in question was a tier 3 offender and a member of the rec center. The city manager for Kettering explained that the person had certain protected rights. That to ban the individual due to his offender status would violate those rights. I would like to know if there is a violation of my rights also. What rights do offenders have when it comes to public venues ( schools, parks, swimming pools, YMCAs). Where do we locate the laws pertinent to each state. I have searched in vain to find mine, but will continue looking. If there is a positive here it is this. I told the YMCA director that if I had a job I would have something to do. I said if I do not have a job by spring I was going to hang out at the library, swimming pool, and the park all day long. So he is now making it his mission to help me find a job. This registry has been a burden to me for a long time. If I can use it to my advantage then so be it. I have had maybe 3 interviews in the last 2 yrs. If i have to use suggestive blackmail then so be it. I would think that if we, as offenders, are so dangerous they would like to know where we are 8 hrs a day. Thanks for your time, any reply would be appreciated.

    CF.org: Any reader who has legal advice or other help for David, please post a comment on our About Us Page. As far as the Kettering news report is concerned, the city does not have any restrictions on offenders being present in parks or local recreation facilities, so nothing came from that report.

  18. ejdtbg
    February 24, 2010 at 10:02 pm

    When ‘regulatory’ measures are enacted into law long after the date of a conviction for a regulated offense should not the defendant/registrant be allowed to withdraw a negotiated plea agreement and proceed to trial on the charges? The plea was hardly ‘knowingly’ entered into if the registration statutes were not law at the time of the plea and the defendant is the individual that determines if a plea bargain is really a bargain. IN 2000 SORNA was not even thought of yet the ramifications are ‘in the eyes of the defendant’ punitive and therefore not something one would willingly accept without a fight in court, in front of a jury.
    Yes, you are right on point. That is one of the issues we all must pursue. If all the many other constitutional challenges are over-ruled by courts, the breach of contract challenge is in effect. The State has an obligation to honor the “contract” of a plea bargain when they accept a plea in court. They have breached this contractual agreement by changing the terms of registration…which is in fact “punishment”, which is also unconstitutional in and of itself. Everyone who challenges these laws should also include breach of contract in their lawsuit. Search our blogs for sample appeals motions.

    • ejdtbg
      March 1, 2010 at 7:23 pm

      Wouldn’t a writ of mandate or prohibition be the proper tool to challenge SORNA based on the negotiated plea agreement that did not include registration?

  19. eugene howard
    March 3, 2010 at 6:38 am

    i am a 63 y/o convicted sex offender, registered in the state of n.c. i served 20 months in fed. prison, did 3 years of probation and therapy, completed in sep of 2008. i have a valid u.s. passport, good until 2011. i need to know if i can travel for a 1 week trip to western europe this summer. thank you ! eugene ps. ive contacted my congressman and he is to get an answer, hopefully, from the state department–

  20. John
    March 22, 2010 at 8:59 pm

    Jeff G :I am an RSO who is is currently battling the Adam Walsh Act in regard to petitioning for my wife’s citizenship. Because I am an RSO, non-violent and no victim crime, I am required to prove I am not a danger to my wife. We Have been together several years and married for more than a year now. It seems I should have the right every other american has to petition for the citizenship of a spouse. PLease post more on the Adam Walsh Act and how it relates to immigration. Thanks for the great info and resources.

    Hi Jeff,

    I am going through the same thing with my wife. It is a terrible ordeal. Any luck recently with USCIS? Any resources or guidance you can give us?
    Thanks for your message. We often get incoming links from a forum which discusses these precise immigration issues. We are not familiar with this forum but it appears that many others in your situation are communicating on this site. Here is one sample link page which we often see incoming traffic from:


    Constitutionalfights.org is focused primarily on the unconstitutional implementation of the Adam Walsh Act as it is being implemented retroactively to offenders who committed a crime many years before its passage. The immigration issue is very troubling but somewhat removed from our primary focus. However, we have now posted on this topic at “Visa Petitions Under the Adam Walsh Act”

  21. Concerned Citizen
    April 22, 2010 at 9:22 pm

    Thank you for your blog. I look to it everyday to keep me sane. Without it I would feel alone and hopeless. With your words I have strength to fight the AWA when ever and where ever possible.

  22. Gerson
    June 1, 2010 at 11:51 pm

    Thanks for providing this information, I will try to get this info to some friends for support!!!

  23. terry
    July 6, 2010 at 10:28 am

    please help !!!!! how many people on the rso list are not guilty ? my friend should have been off the list in 07 but they now changed the amount of time to be on this list, that dose not seem right . please help i have so much to say but no one will listen please help.

  24. Mike
    July 6, 2010 at 7:36 pm

    New motion in Ohio v. Bodyke

    Thanks for pointing this out. This is a motion which disputes the Motion for Clarification, which was filed immediately after the decision by the Ohio Attorney General office. We said at the time that this was a stalling tactic by the AG to buy time. Let us hope the Ohio Supreme Court quickly denies the AG motion.

  25. July 8, 2010 at 10:36 pm

    Terry Kelley :Thank for this website, i have been searching for something of this nature. i was falsely accused in 1995 this has been haunting me for 15 years now. even though i paid my debt to society, i can’t seem to put this behind me. if anyone know of a site to help all one time sex offenders, please email me because i don’t think we should fall under the same laws as people who repeat this offenses. i think the laws should be changed because we are labled as under the same law as child mosleters. let’s fight for our rights!!t kelley

    Thanks for your comment. Most people convicted of sex offenses are one-time offenders, despite what the media portrays. We are all in this together – there is no differentiation.

  26. ejdtbg
    September 13, 2010 at 1:05 pm

    The only way to get action on RSO “regulations” is to find a horse and ride it. In the case of the AWA there is a California Supreme Court case regarding Equal Protection that should come into play. Because the age of consent varies state to state, because behaviors are legal in some states and not others and because the AWA is a federal legislation it is essentially global as far as States and Territories under the US Constitution.
    Consider that AWA requires persons convicted of sex acts with minors to register when they change states of residence even though the crime of the origin state is NOT a crime in the destination state. This means the person who engages in legal sex with a person under 18 in his state of origin and then moves to a state where that sexual behavior is illegal is not required to register. That makes either a Cruel & Unusual arguement in that the federal law is universal yet the opportunity for a conviction is not or it makes an Equal Protection arguement in that the unencumbered right to travel among the states is not equally available becasue of AWA.
    The link to the CA Supreme Court case (PPL v. Hofsheier) on Equal Protection is: http://login.findlaw.com/scripts/callaw?dest=ca/cal4th/37/1185.html

  1. June 15, 2009 at 10:00 am
    united states constitution
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